Gujarat – The Manchester of the East

Gujarat also known as the land protected or ruled by the Gurjars, or from Gurjar-Rashtra, the Gujjar nation. The Gurjars were historically known as the Sun worshipers as their copper-plate grants and seals also bear an emblem of the Sun. Ahmedabad also known as Amdavad is the capital city of Gujarat.

History: Gujarat is known as one of the main centers of the Indus Valley Civilization. Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro are the major ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley and about 50 Indus Valley settlement ruins have been discovered in Gujarat.

From 1297 to 1300- Allauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, destroyed Anhilwara and incorporated Gujarat into the Delhi Sultanate.

From 1411 to 1442- Sultan Ahmed Shah, restructured Ahmedabad as the capital.

1576- The Mughal emperor Akbar the Great conquered Gujarat and annexed it to the Mughal Empire.

1614- The British East India Company established a factory in Surat.

Late 17th century- Chatrapati Shivaji the great Maratha leader attacked Surat between 1664 and 1679 and attacked the city three times.

18th century- Maratha Empire dominated the politics of India as Pilaji Gaekwad, first ruler of Gaekwad dynasty, established the control over Baroda and much of Gujarat.

1761- Post the Battle of Panipat all Maratha general established themselves as autonomous government while keeping nominal authority of Peshwas of Pune and Chatrapati from Satara. The Maratha Gaekwads of Baroda (Vadodara) made a separate peace with the British and acknowledged British sovereignty in return for retaining local self-rule.

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