The Role of Indian Art Forms in a Bengali Wedding

Weddings in the eastern side of India are set by matchmakers called Ghotoks and the celebrations continue for many days. Packed with religious beliefs and customs, a traditional Bengali wedding is all about the culture and art and literature prevalent in the state of Bengal. These weddings are huge affairs with warm people, good music and fantastic folk dances leaving no stone unturned to make them unforgettable events.

The merry and vivacious Bengali matrimony celebrations are incredibly traditional ceremonies that are popular across the globe. Let us take a closer look at some of the traditional art forms that have forever been a part of these elaborate affairs.

Traditional Music

When it comes to the traditional music Bengalis share the perspectives of adopting melodious tunes and rich harmonies. Music is generally divided into three separate types being the classical type, folk songs and modern hymns. Out of these, classical music is most played at weddings with both vocal and instrumental sounds. They are rooted in fantastic tunes by Ustad Alauddin Khan and Ustad Ayet Ali Khan who are famous names.

These singers are well known internationally for their stellar lyrics and specially chosen for nuptial occasions. Right from the beginning of rituals with the Aiburo Bhaat to the last Oshtomongola ritual, weddings are quite incomplete without classical instrumental music and folk songs.

Types of Musical Instruments Used to Create Melodies

Traditional country musical instruments include a Mandira that is essentially metal bawls used as and Khanjani, Sharinda or even the use of a Banshi meaning a bamboo flute. Also used is a Dhole, Ektara and Dotara for harmonies played during folk songs.

Folk Dance as a Part of Ceremonies

A lot of classical forms of Bangladeshi dance are popular and dominate the sub-continent. These include folk and tribal as well as Middle Eastern styles that are very common in traditional weddings. From these tribal dances some of the most popular ones are the Monipuri and Santal styles. It is not uncommon for rural girls to dance to these styles without any rules or regulations. These dances not only add a lot of fun and frolic but they deepen the rich traditions that are maintained by the community at such an auspicious time.

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